Workforce Planning Research References

Research is an important element of the approach we are taking to workforce planning across the Leeds health and care system. Below are some of the externally sourced documents we have identified that support workforce planning and thought would be useful to share.

Area of interest
Summary and keywords
Document
Community Pharmacy Workforce Survey, Health Education England, 2021.
Reports summarises finding of annual workforce survey. Key words: workforce survey, pharmacy.
Report template (hee.nhs.uk)
Community Pharmacy Workforce Survey, Health Education England, 2022.
Reports summarises finding of annual workforce survey, staff groups surveyed include, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, accuracy checkers, dispensing assistants, medicines counter assistants and delivery drivers. Key words: workforce survey, pharmacy.
Presentation template (hee.nhs.uk)
Driving true value from medicines and pharmacy. Published by Public Policy Projects, November 2023.
This report serves as a guide and makes a series of practical recommendations to help realise the full potential of pharmacy. Report states that pharmacy is not just a service, it is a strategic asset, which holds unique local insight that can reshape health and care delivery. Key words: Pharmacy, workforce, commissioning, digital, health and care.
PPP_Driving-true-value-from-medicines-and-pharmacy.pdf (publicpolicyprojects.com)
Factors associated with staff retention in NHS acute sector. Published by Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), August 2022.
Acute sector retention study which examines factors that are associated with the leaving decisions of medical consultants, nurses and midwives, and HCAs between 2012 and 2021. Key Words: Workforce, Retention, Acute Sector, Age, Tenure, Gender, Nationality, Sickness Absence, Consultants, Nurses and midwives, Healthcare Assistants (HCAs)
Factors associated with staff retention in the NHS acute sector | Institute for Fiscal Studies (ifs.org.uk)
Institute of Fiscal Studies, Green Budget. Published by IFS, October 2023.
Supported by the Nuffield Foundation, this report seeks to provide a comprehensive and independent assessment of the state of the public finances ahead of the Chancellor’s Budget and Spending Review. It examines the fiscal implications of public spending, pay and pensions (chapter 4, also noted as separate report) and of the NHS workforce plan (chapter 8 also noted in separate report). Key words: Economy, Policy, NHS Workforce Plan.
IFS Green Budget 2023.
Institute of Fiscal Studies, Green Budget, Chapter 4. Published by IFS, October 2023.
The report examines the fiscal implications of public spending, pay and pensions. Key words: Economy, Policy, NHS Workforce Plan.
Public spending, pay and pensions (ifs.org.uk)
Institute of Fiscal Studies, Green Budget, Chapter 8. Published by IFS, October 2023.
The report examines the fiscal implications of the NHS workforce plan.
Implications of the NHS workforce plan (ifs.org.uk)
Maternity and Labour Supply of NHS Doctors and Nurses. Published by Institute of Fiscal Studies, March 2022.
Study to examine how maternity leave of the workforce affects the overall labour supply, rates of retention and contracted hours of work of doctors and dentists, and of nurses and midwives. Study uses data from all those directly employed in the NHS in England in acute and community sectors from January 2014 to March 2020. It does not include those working in primary care. Key words: Workforce, Maternity Leave, Acute Sector, Community Sector, Nurses and midwives, Doctors and Dentists, Age, Gender
Maternity and the labour supply of NHS doctors and nurses | Institute for Fiscal Studies (ifs.org.uk)
Nine major challenges facing health and care in England, Health Foundation, November 2023.
Nine major challenges are noted in the report, which include 1) Life expectancy is stalling, and health inequalities are widening to 9) The NHS is repeatedly reorganised, while social care is overlooked. Report states that Policy choices made by the next government will shape the future of the nation’s health and provides summary of policy suggestions. Key words: Health and Care, policy.
Nine major challenges facing health and care in England – The Health Foundation
Patterns of Employment amongst Nursing Associates: Evidence from the Electronic Staff Record. Published by National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR), February 2023.
Report notes personal and employment characteristics of Training Nursing Associates and Nursing Associates employed by NHS Trusts in England over time and how they compare to other staff groups. It uses ESR records and other research to compile findings. Key words: Nursing Associates, NHS, ESR, Age, personal characteristics.
Patterns of employment amongst Nursing Associates: Evidence from the Electronic Staff Record – King’s College London (kcl.ac.uk)
Patterns of less-than-fulltime working by NHS consultants. Published by Institute of Fiscal Studies, May 2023.
The report uses the Electronic Staff Record (ESR) and the monthly payroll of all staff directly employed by NHS hospitals in England, to examine the patterns of less than full time working by consultants in NHS acute trust. Report looks at factors such as gender, working patterns before retirement, industry trends on working patterns. Key words: gender, age, retirement, consultants, NHS.
Patterns of less-than-full-time working by NHS consultants (ifs.org.uk)
Placed at a premium? The use of recruitment and retention pay supplements to address staffing shortfalls, Nuffield Trust, June 2022.
The analysis explores supplementary payments (also known as recruitment and retention premia), which have been used by NHS organisations across England over the last few decades. Report states payments can be designed to attract or keep staff working in certain services, locations or specialties. Key words: recruitment, retention, additional payments.
Placed at a premium? The use of recruitment and retention pay supplements to address staffing shortfalls | Nuffield Trust
Progression of parents in NHS medical and nursing careers, Published by Institute of Fiscal Studies, February 2023.
Report examines how the length of parental leave and rates of progression after having children vary by specialty, gender and other staff characteristics among doctors, dentists, nurses and midwives in the English NHS. Analysis uses the Electronic Staff Record (ESR), the monthly payroll of directly employed staff in the NHS, from 2012 to 2021. Key words: NHS, parental leave, gender, doctors, dentists, nursing and midwives.
Progression of parents in NHS medical and nursing careers (ifs.org.uk)
The effects of pension reforms on physician labour supply: Evidence from the English NHS. Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), September 2023.
Research examined the labour supply response of senior doctors in England following a reform of the public sector pension system that moved employees from a final salary to a career average pension plan. Findings noted that doctors’ responses were small despite relatively large changes in financial wealth induced by the reforms. Key words: Doctors, Pension, NHS
The effects of pension reforms on physician labour supply: Evidence from the English NHS (ifs.org.uk)Key words: Doctors, Pension, NHS
Understanding retirement in the UK, Institute of Financial Studies, November 2023.
The report is designed to provide new evidence on retirement patterns in the UK, as part of the Pensions Review. Reports notes retirement trends by gender, wealth, health, ethnicity, home ownership. Key words: Pension, retirement.
Understanding Retirement in the UK (ifs.org.uk)
Waste not, want not, Strategies to improve the supply of clinical staff to the NHS, Nuffield Trust, September 2023.
Report provides key statistics of the leakiness of the of domestic training pipeline in the UK. It notes the level and nature of attrition during clinical training as well as retention of graduates in nursing, midwifery and allied health professions. At the end of the report is makes national policy recommendation. Key words: student, training, graduates, nursing, midwifery and allied health professions, policy.
Waste not, want not (nuffieldtrust.org.uk)
Working conditions as predictors of retirement intentions and exit from paid employment, National library of Medicine, 2015.
Report findings include that efforts to extend working life should address issues relating to the immediate psychosocial work environment. Providing older workers with increased sense of control, and ensuring contributions are adequately recognised, may delay retirement intentions and the timing of labour market exit. Key words: retirement, workforce.
Working conditions as predictors of retirement intentions and exit from paid employment: a 10-year follow-up of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing – PMC (nih.gov)

For more information on collaborative workforce planning across the Leeds health and care system, you can visit our programme overview webpage here.